12 Passive Design Strategies for Cold Climate Architecture
When working on a site situated in a cold climate, it’s important that the thermal and other environmental comfort is taken care of for the users.
What is passive design?
The passive design makes use of the existing design components to enhance the energy efficiency and sustenance of a space. This is done without making use of any external tools or devices to create high-performance buildings or spaces.
With the right kind and amount of heating, lighting, and ventilation, we can transform a building to have ideal indoor and outdoor comfort for the users.
Passive design strategies for cold climates can be broadly segregated based on the following:
Use trees as natural wind barriers or buffers by planting them near windows to block cold air from entering the building.
Plants and trees chosen for landscaping must be able to survive the harsh climatic differences.
12. Other Thermal Strategies
Make sure to utilize heat from existing appliances inside the building such as the burner and fireplaces.
Rock beds help increase the thermal mass of the building by making use of existing heat to create more heat.
Earth berms – Utilizing earth against building walls to reduce the amount of heat loss from inside the building.
Sunspaces help store solar heat centrally for equal distribution into all spaces inside the building.
With cold climate passive design, the main focus is to retain heat gain received by the building. That does not take away from the fact that there need to be strategies to help prevent unwanted climatic differences.
Finding the right balance between the needs of the building is where lies the success of the design.